Understand The Conditions Of Employment: Employment Act 2006

Bangladesh Employment Act 2006

The Bangladesh Employment Act of 2006 Terms and Conditions are available on NetworkBD. These rules and regulations apply to every employee.  This Chapter, which contains the following provisions, must be followed for worker regulation and other topics related to it. For the purpose of governing their own operations, establishments may establish their own service regulations. 

There should be no worker who receives less favorable treatment under the employment laws. Compared to this chapter’s provisions, this chapter’s are more extensive. Establishments that are exempt from the Act’s requirements are also mentioned. The organization shall not establish any rule, policy, or house rule that lessens the benefits it provides. Benefits flow from this law. The provision to the sub-service section’s regulations outlines the following rules.

Worker Classification Process Of Employment Act

We’ll set up employees for you in accordance with the Bangladesh Employment Act. A worker hired by an institution can be categorized into one of the following categories based on the nature and circumstances of their work: apprentice, substitute, casual, temporary, probationer, permanent, and seasonal.

  • Apprentice: only received allowance while a trainee.
  • In place of a permanent employee or a temporary employee, substitute
  • Casual: casual in attitude
  • Temporary: Constrained in time and of a transient character
  • In a permanent position plus a probationary term.
  • Permanent: His period of probation is over.
  • Seasonal: Continue working throughout the entire season

                   Here we will discuss in detail the Employee Rights & Labour Law in Bangladesh.

Know The Accurate Rules Of Employee Rights & Labor Law

Bangladesh, with a population of 168.1 million, has a huge and cheap labor force of about 90   million people, with 60 million agricultural jobs (growing at one percent per year) and 30 million non-agricultural jobs (growing at six percent per year). 

In the non-agricultural sector, industrial jobs are most common. Employers are required to follow federal labor laws regarding employment conditions, working hours, salary levels, leave policies, health and health conditions, and insurance for injured workers. 

As part of its Employee Rights and Labour Law in Bangladesh jurisdiction, the Bangladesh constitution guarantees freedom of association and union membership.   Bangladesh Employment Act 2006 is a relatively comprehensive and progressive piece of legislation. This bill consolidates and replaces 25 other pieces of legislation. 

One can immediately see the comprehensive nature of the law from its coverage of conditions of service and employment, youth employment, maternity benefit, health hygiene, safety, welfare, working hours and leave, wages and payment, workers’ compensation, unions and industrial relations.

Bangladesh employment act is governed by the 2006 Labor Act (“Act”) and the 2015 Labor Rules. Employees working for commercial and industrial enterprises are covered by the Act and Rules. Working hours, vacations, annual leaves, and medical leave are regulated by laws and regulations. 

Furthermore, the company uses its profits to provide gratuities, provident funds, and participation benefits to its employees.

Legal Conditions of Employment

Bangladesh employment act clarifies that any establishment may devise its own service rule, but it must contain all the provisions of the Act.

Afterward, the Chief Inspector must be presented with the service rule. If no changes are made within 90 days of receipt, he must accept it.

Nevertheless, if he does not agree, the aggrieved party may appeal within 30 days to the Court. The Government will then decide on such an appeal within 45 days, and its decision will be final.  


Keep Your Employees Happy With The Perfect Bangladesh Employment Act Policies


It is illegal for an employer to hire a worker without providing a letter of appointment and a photo identification card to that employee.

Working Hours In Bangladesh Employment Act

Follow The Working Hours In Bangladesh Employment Act

Working time limits may be required by some labor laws. It was intended to enforce hour limits to ensure a safe and healthy working environment and enough rest between shifts. 

In recent decades, hour limits have been increasingly viewed as a way to reduce unemployment and promote productivity by allowing workers to balance paid work with their family responsibilities and other aspects of their lives. 

According to the 2006 Labor Act in our country, working hours are listed on a daily and weekly basis, as well as overtime hours and their payment.

A daily working hour limit is part of both Conventions 1, which stipulate an 8-hour maximum a day for normal working hours. 

There is no daily limit in Convention No. 47 and Recommendation No. 116, the 40-hour workweek being considered sufficient to ensure at least 8 hours of work each day. International standards allow the 8-hour limit to be extended to 9 hours for industries (Convention No. 1)19 and to 10 hours for commerce (Convention No. 30).

In accordance with section 100 of the Labour Act of 2006, a daily work limit of 8 hours applies however, if section 108 is satisfied, a maximum of 10 hours may be worked.

Leave and Holidays In According To The Law

Labor law’s topic of ‘Leaves and Holidays’ is relevant and also fundamental. Holidays generally consist of the following leaves:

  1. Holy day of the week
  2. Leave of absence
  3. I’m sick
  4. Taking a holiday
  5. Vacations and annual leave
  6. Maternity leaves with full pay under the Maternity Benefit Act of 1939 (now abrogated). 

 1. Casual Leave in Bangladesh:

The right to go on casual leave can be triggered by unforeseen circumstances, such as illness, accidents, or urgent situations. If you need it urgently, you should request it in advance. The Labor Act of 2006 allows for casual leave. The vacation is for ten days in a year with maximum wages and cannot be carried forward.

 2. Sick Leave in Bangladesh:

When a medical certificate is not available, sick leave is usually taken instead. Leave shall not accumulate and be carried forward from year to year. In a calendar year, any worker other than a newspaper worker shall be entitled to fourteen days of sick leave with full pay.

According to the Factory Act, 1965 Sub-Section (2) of Section 80: Employees are entitled to fourteen days of sick leave per year on half their average wage.

A worker is entitled to sick leave at full wage for a total of fourteen days per year, but if such leave is not taken during a calendar year, it may be carried forward, but a worker can accumulate no more than twenty-eight days with full pay at any one time.

Know More About Legal Annual Paid Leaves

Section 117 of the Labor Act 2006 deals with annual leave. After completing one year of continuous service at an institution, a worker is usually allowed to take leave with wages for a number of days calculated at a certain rate during the 12 months. For adults, this rate is usually: 

(a) for every 18 days worked in a shop, commercial or industrial establishment, factory or road transport service;

(b) In the case of a tea plantation, for every 22 days of work;

(c)For a newspaper worker, for every eleven days of work performed during the previous twelve months.

Bangladeshi employees terminate their employment

Either the employer or the employee can terminate the employment relationship. According to the Labor Act of 2006, the procedures for terminating a worker’s employment are separate from those for terminating an employer’s employment.

When an employee is found to be: Convicted of any crime; or

You are guilty of crimes such as theft, bribery, fraud, and deliberate disobedience.

It is possible for the employer to terminate the employee without warning or pay without providing notice. If the boss does not like the behavior, he or she can give a lesser penalty without dismissal.

Lay-Off Termination in Bangladesh Labour Law

A company that, at any time, in the event of a fire, an epidemic, a breakdown of machinery, a power failure, epidemics, widespread riots, or any other cause beyond its control, shuts down any section or section of its operations. If the cause of such a shutdown has not been resolved, it will remain in effect. Whenever the duration of a work stoppage reaches three (three) working days, the workers affected will be laid off. 

If the layoff in Bangladesh lasts for more than 45 days, what happens then?

During any calendar year, no worker will be entitled to compensation if they are laid off for more than 45 (forty-five) days.

Any worker laid off for more than 45 (forty-five) consecutive days, whether continuously or intermittently, shall be entitled to an additional 15 (fifteen) days’ pay for each successive layoff period. The paid sum for an extension of 15 days shall be equal to one-fourth of the total basic wage and dearness allowance plus ad hoc or temporary wages.

Bangladeshi employee absent from work without notice:

The employer shall enquire about an absent employee’s absence through a notice if the worker is absent without warning or consent for more than 10 (ten) days. He should be asked to justify his absence and to return to service within 10 ( ten) days. 

The employer will send him another 7 ( seven) days in which to respond if he does not provide a written statement or enter the service within the prescribed time. If the worker fails to resume service or protect himself, he will be considered released from service on the date he was absent.

FAQs For Bangladesh Employment Act

1. What laws regulate wages and hours in workplace?

The major federal law covering minimum wage, overtime compensation, and child labor is the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). 

Most employers are covered, including the federal government, state and municipal governments, and the majority of private businesses. Sick time, vacations, severance pay, and breaks are not covered by the FLSA.

2. Can employers be sued?

Yes, you can sue your boss if he or she has done something illegal. It is critical, however, that you understand your rights as an employee before pursuing legal action.

3. How do workers attempt to get union representation?

Qualified employees can petition the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) to hold a secret ballot election in the workplace to determine whether or not they want to be represented by a union.

If the NLRB’s election shows that workers want to be represented by a qualified labor representative in collective bargaining with their employer, union leaders may call a meeting to discuss organizing. An employer is prohibited from interfering in any aspect of the unionization process.

4. What is a hostile work environment?

When an employer, supervisor, coworker, or many coworkers make unwelcome comments or advances, any reasonable person feels intimidated, uncomfortable, or threatened in a way that negatively affects his or her employment, this is referred to as a hostile work environment. This type of behavior is usually severe and pervasive (though not always).

Keep Your Company Legally Safe & Happy By Following Bangladesh Employment Act